What you need to know about tuberculosis? Round table at KBSU
March 24, on World Tuberculosis Day, at the Faculty of Medicine of the Kabardino-Balkarian State University H. M. Berbekov held a round table «Tuberculosis yesterday, today, tomorrow.»
Professor of the Department of Public Health, Healthcare and Preventive Medicine, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Chairman of the KBR Association of Phthisiologists, Head of the Course Zhaneta Sabanchieva, Head of the Diagnostic Department of the State Public Healthcare Institution «Anti-TB Dispensary» th year of study Laura Sibekova, students of the medical faculty, medical college of KBSU and workers of practical health care.
«Every year, on March 24, we celebrate World Tuberculosis Day to raise awareness of the devastating impact of the disease on both human health and society, and to intensify efforts to combat the global epidemic of the disease. On this day in 1882, Dr. Robert Koch announced the discovery of the bacterium-causative agent of tuberculosis, thanks to which the diagnosis and treatment of this disease became possible,» — Zhaneta Sabanchieva addressed the audience.
In her presentation, the professor spoke about scientists whose names are forever inscribed in the history of the study of tuberculosis. This is Robert Koch; Charles Mantoux, who in 1908 created a test for research on tuberculosis, Zelman Bachmann — Nobel laureate, creator of streptomycin, the first antibiotic effective in the treatment of tuberculosis; French microbiologist Albert Calmette, who invented the BCG vaccine; Mikhail Perelman is the author of a textbook on tuberculosis and others.
Laura Sibekova reported on the clinical and epidemiological situation with tuberculosis in the KBR for 2020, noting that the number of detected patients, compared to 2019, in the republic has significantly decreased, but in general the situation is still difficult.
Head Department of the TB dispensary of the KBR Nikolay Samorodov shared his experience of working with pulmonary patients and reported on modern opportunities and achievements in the diagnosis of respiratory pathologies.
«To identify the disease, it is enough to undergo fluorography, — the doctor believes. — The procedure is performed once every 2 years. Those with chronic illnesses should be screened once a year. Everyone should know the main symptoms of the disease: cough lasting more than two to three weeks, weight loss, fever, night sweats. If they are available, it is imperative to consult a doctor.»
The phthisiatrician also assured that today all the necessary drugs are available for the treatment of tuberculosis, and in most cases the disease is curable. But any disease is easier to cure in the early stages, and therefore you need to take a responsible approach to your health.
The meeting ended with a Q&A session on the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis.